Chandler, Arizona 85246

Pond Tips - Planting recommendations

All bog plants want their crown as close to the waters surface as possible.
The crown is the line between the white and green colors on the vertical stem.
On most plants, the bulb or tuber would be in soil and the green top would be at or above water. Many plants, especially those that grow wild in areas that stay moist or get flooded often can be grown in pond bogs.
Only a few bog plants need to be held higher (like Australian Canna), and a few more (like Louisiana Iris) can be happy a couple of inches deeper in the water. Containers can be on shelves or hung from the side of the pond. Bogs can be built in as an integral part of a pond, in a way that they become part of the BIO-filter.
Most bog plants would be happy if planted in a trench outside the pond. This keeps the tall ones from tipping from the wind and making a huge mess in your pond. A good soaking once a week and a liner in soil areas that drain rapidly will help. This method can provide a tall and colorful background, varying in height from low to very high, offering a varied and wonderful visual structure.

Water lilies are planted in soil under the water, normally in some type of container. Water lilies require only a couple of inches of water above the tuber, and some can be set as much as 24 inches below the surface. We recommend that water lilies be started as close to the surface as can be managed in the spring and lowered to their final depth after they develop a good spread of pads in spring.

Some water plant varieties can be invasive and should only be planted in containers without holes. Sea Oats and Cat Tail can put out long tubers that pop up several feet away. Over time they can completely take over a pond. These types typically have long fat tuberous root systems. Hybridized water plants normally have much better manners and are quite easy to control.

Some other classes of plants are floaters and oxygenating.

Floaters are free plants growing upon the waters surface. They have roots that hang down into the water. There are tiny ones only 1/16" across and huge plants as much as 12" wide. Floaters can not be grown in a pond with a skimmer, unless they are restrained by a floating basket or ring.

Oxygenating plants like Anacharis (a great oxygenator) root into the soil at the bottom of the pond. A couple of inches of sand on the bottom works well in ponds. The sand allows rooted plants to take hold, is very easy to clean, gives you a lighter colored bottom allowing you to see more and can keep you from puncturing your liner if something with a sharp edge gets dropped into the pond.

Don't forget to feed your plants. All plants require regular feeding. There are several types of plant food (fertilizer).  Pond tabs and spikes are inexpensive, easy to use and very popular forms. You determine eventual size of the plant and pick the food based upon the size of the container. Five grams of fertilizer for each gallon of soil is a good start. Most pond tablets (tabs) dissovle rapidly and feed for a month to six weeks. Pond spikes are a very hard and dense tablet that dissolves slowly and can provide enough plant food for a full season. Pond spikes are normally 21 grams. We use one for each gallon of soil. Water lilies typically getboth a 10 gram tab and a 21 gram spike when planted here. This gives them immediate food and enough long term feeding to get thru the season. For large Lotus we use a 21 gram tab plus a 21 gram spike.

     5 Gram Pond Tabs
     10 Gram Pond Tabs 
     21 Gram Lotus Tabs
     21 Gram Full Season Pond Spikes